September is Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) Awareness Month, which is observed every year to raise awareness about this growing health issue. PAD is a common yet serious condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is essential to learn more about PAD so that you can recognize the symptoms and take the necessary steps to prevent its progression. In this blog post, we will be discussing everything you need to know about PAD, its causes, symptoms, and treatment options.

1)What is Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)?

Blood cells moving through an Artery with PAD

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is a condition in which the arteries that supply blood to the limbs become narrow or blocked due to the accumulation of plaque. The accumulation of plaque is caused by a build-up of cholesterol, fat, and other substances that stick to the artery walls. PAD can occur in any artery, but it is most commonly seen in the legs.

When the arteries become clogged, it reduces blood flow to the limbs. This can lead to severe pain, numbness, and even amputation if not treated on time. PAD can also cause other serious complications such as heart attack or stroke.

2)PAD Risk Factors

Man smoking

It is important to be aware of these risk factors so that you can take steps to reduce your chances of developing PAD. There are several risk factors for PAD. These include:


Smoking is the leading cause of PAD. People who smoke are at a higher risk for developing PAD than non-smokers.

Diabetes –

Diabetes can also increase your risk of developing PAD due to the damage it causes to the blood vessels.

High Cholesterol Levels –

High cholesterol levels can lead to the buildup of plaque in the arteries, which can increase your risk of developing PAD.

High Blood Pressure –

High blood pressure is another major risk factor for PAD. It can cause damage to the arteries and lead to a narrowing or blockage.

Family History –

Having a family history of PAD puts you at an increased risk of developing the condition.

Age –

Older age is associated with an increased risk of PAD. This is due to the natural wear and tear on the arteries that comes with aging.

Gender –

Male gender is associated with a higher risk of PAD than female gender.

Sedentary Lifestyle –

Inactivity can increase your risk of developing PAD. People who are inactive are more likely to develop plaque buildup in their arteries, which can lead to a narrowing or blockage of the blood vessels.

3) What are the Symptoms of PAD?

Shin Splints

PAD can cause several symptoms that can range from mild to severe. The most common symptoms of PAD include cramping, pain, or tiredness in the legs and buttocks while walking or exercising (claudication). Other symptoms may include numbness or tingling in the toes or feet, a weak pulse in the legs or feet, and coldness in the lower limb. In severe cases, PAD can cause non-healing wounds, and gangrene if left untreated.

4) How is PAD Diagnosed?

Wrapping ankle with blood with testing device

If you experience any of the above symptoms, it is essential to consult a doctor immediately. Your doctor may perform several tests to diagnose PAD, including ankle-brachial index (ABI), which compares blood pressure in the legs and arms, angiography, which uses contrast dye to visualize the arteries, and Computed Tomography (CT) or Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA), which are imaging tests that create detailed images of the arteries.

5) What are the Treatment Options for PAD?

Person holding a burger and a salad

The treatment options for PAD depend on the severity of the condition. Mild to moderate cases can be managed through lifestyle changes, including quitting smoking, exercising regularly, eating a healthy diet, and managing blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels. In severe cases, medications, such as blood thinners, antiplatelet drugs, and cholesterol-lowering medications, may be prescribed. For the most severe cases, surgery, such as angioplasty, stenting, or even bypass surgery, may be necessary to improve blood flow to the affected limb.

6) How to Prevent PAD?

Testing blood pressure

Preventing PAD involves taking steps to reduce your risk factors. This includes quitting smoking, exercising regularly, eating a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight, and controlling your blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels. It is also essential to get regular check-ups with your physician to monitor your health and catch any potential issues early.

By taking the necessary steps to prevent PAD, you can reduce your risk of developing this serious condition. So take action today and talk to your doctor about what you can do to protect yourself against PAD.

7) Why is PAD Awareness Month Important?

PAD Awareness Month is essential to help people understand the symptoms and risks of PAD. Many people don’t know they have PAD because the symptoms are often overlooked or misdiagnosed. Early detection and treatment are critical in managing PAD to prevent complications such as heart attack, stroke, and limb amputations. Increased awareness about PAD can encourage people to make lifestyle changes, seek early medical intervention, and ultimately have better health outcomes.

PAD diagram

If you are currently living with PAD, there are resources available that offer information and support. Don’t be afraid to reach out for help and take advantage of the resources available to you.

Although PAD is a serious condition, it can be managed with early detection and treatment. So don’t hesitate to talk to your doctor if you have any of the symptoms mentioned above. Through proper diagnosis and treatment, you can prevent PAD from progressing and becoming more serious.

Man testing his pulse by holding wrist

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is a serious condition that can have severe consequences if left untreated. However, it is also a preventable and treatable condition. By understanding the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for PAD, you can take the necessary steps to prevent its progression and improve your quality of life. and start treatment.

With the right knowledge and a proactive approach, you can effectively manage PAD to keep it from affecting your day-to-day life. If you have any questions or concerns about PAD, be sure to talk to your doctor and get the help that you need. Happy PAD Awareness Month!